A nosebleed is the loss of blood from the tissues lining the nose. Nosebleeds (likewise called epistaxis) are normal. Some 60% of individuals will have somewhere around one nosebleed in their life. The nose area in the face and the huge number of veins near the surface covering your nose make it an obvious objective for injury and nosebleeds.
Although blood coming out of your nose can be troublesome, therefore should be examined by your doctor. For example, if you have regular nosebleeds, then this could be an earlier sign of other medical problems that need to be examined. At times, nosebleeds start in the backside of the nose and involve extensive blood vessels, resulting in heavy bleeding and can be harmful.
So, you will require medical attention for this type of bleed, specifically if the bleeding happens after an injury. In addition to this, if bleeding does not stop after 20 minutes of applying direct pressure to your nose, consult a ENT specialist online immediately as it can lead to serious damage.
Who can Get Nosebleeds?
It is not restricted to individuals, as anyone with symptoms can get a nosebleed. Most people will have at least one in their lifetime. However, some people are more likely to have a nosebleed, including
- Children between the ages of two and ten. The issues of dry air, cold weather, and air allergies in their nose make children more inclined to have nosebleeds.
- In the case of adults, it is aging more than forty to have the problem of nosebleeds. Blood takes an extended period to clot in mid-life and older age.
- In pregnant women, blood vessels in the nose extend, which puts more pressure on the blood vessels in the lining of the nose.
- People who are prone to take blood-thinning medicines.
Causes of Nosebleeds
Nosebleeds have a number of causes but mostly are not severe. The most typical cause of nosebleeds is dry air, as hot and low-humidity climates can cause it. Both of these environments cause the nasal membrane to dry and crack and are subject to bleed when rubbed while blowing your nose.
However, there are other typical causes of nosebleeds, including:
- Colds and sinusitis, especially attacks that cause repeated sneezing and nose blowing.
- To blow the nose with force.
- Insert something un your nose.
- Nose injury or impairment
- Heavy usage of blood-thinning medicines and drugs.
- Inhaling drugs through the nose
- Chemical irritants that are present in cleaning supplies, chemical fumes, and other strong odors).
- High lengths where the air is thinner due to lack of oxygen and drier as the length increases.
- The regular use of nasal sprays and medicines to treat a scratchy and runny nose.
Treatments for Nosebleeds
The available treatments are dependent on the cause and mainly include the following:
Special nasal sponges are inserted into your nose to create pressure at the bleed site. This material is left in place for one to two days before being removed by a healthcare expert.
This procedure involves applying a chemical substance or heat energy to seal the bleeding vessel. However, a local drug is sprayed in the nostril to numb the nose.
Reducing the number of blood-thinning medications can be helpful. In addition to this, medications for controlling blood pressure may be essential.
The blood vessel is tied off to stop the bleeding in this procedure.
Prevention from Nosebleeds
- Use saline nose drops two to three times a day in each nostril to keep the nasal passages moist. These products can be bought or even made at home.
- Use a humidifier in your bedroom to add moisture to the air at night.
- Spread water-soluble nasal gels in your nostrils with a cotton swab. It would help if you were sure not to insert the swab more than ¼ inch into your nose. These gels are available in most pharmacies.
- You need to avoid blowing your nose strongly.
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- Sneeze through an open mouth and try to sneeze into a tissue or the bend of your arm.
- Avoid putting solid objects into your nose, including fingers as well.
- Limit the medications that can boost bleeding, such as aspirin. Please remember that any medication adjustment, especially prescribed medication, should only be done under the supervision of your doctor.
- If your nasal allergy symptoms are not easily controlled with medications, visit your doctor. Please make sure you closely follow the directions when using these medications because overusing them can cause nosebleeds.
- You must quit smoking as it dries out your nose and annoys it.
- Wear defensive headgear if you are involved in activities that could result in an injury to your face and nose.
- Keep the fingernails of your children short.
It is always better to consult a specialist for better guidance. Book an appointment with the best ENT Specialist in Karachi through Marham for more information.