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Excess Calcium and Stones in the Urinary Tract in Rabbits

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Hypercalciuria, as well as Urolithiasis in Rabbits

Kidney stones develop within the urinary tract because of the deposition of complex substances that contain calcium in urine. In rabbits, all of the calcium consumed is absorbed and urine typically contains between 45 and 60 percent of calcium (other animals’ urine contains only 2 percentages of calcium). Rabbits who are between the ages of the ages of three to five old the age of three to five are at a higher risk.

The Reasons

Commercial rabbit food like pellets generally contain a high percentage of calcium, which is much greater than what is required in a daily diet. Types Of Blue Birds These factors, along with other causes like a lack of water intake, insufficient fitness, obesity, and an inadvertent emptying of the bladder may result in the precipitation of calcium within the urine, eventually leading in the development of stone.


It is essential to provide an extensive background of your rabbit’s health and the time of onset of symptoms. Your vet will then conduct an exhaustive physical examination of your pet. The first thing to do is to distinguish between stones and other reasons for irregular urine output. Analyses of urine and blood are conducted to assess the calcium levels in urine and blood and analysis will be conducted of any stones (uroliths) that are eliminated from the bladder. Ultrasound and X-ray imaging can be used to detect the presence, size and position of stones.


First priority is to alleviate your rabbit of any discomfort it may be suffering. The treatment of the root reason for the stones be the next step. Your doctor will gently massage the bladder in order to release the retained urine. If there is a blockage within the urinary tract your doctor could employ a flushing technique to flush the stones out of the urinary tract.

In certain instances it is necessary to undergo surgery to eliminate stones that have become lodged in the urinary tract or are too large to move through the tract without risk. A short stay in the hospital to undergo the procedure and stabilization is usually all that is needed and fluid supplementation for the rehydration. If there is burn or urine staining that is present on the skin around the male genitals such as the perineum and the inside of the legs i.e. the inside of the perineum, as well as the legs zinc and menthol powder, can be used in order to maintain the skin cool and dry.

Living and Management

Your rabbit needs an environment that is warm and quiet to rest in. If the rabbit isn’t exhausted, encourage activity (hopping) for at least 15 minute intervals over the course of 6-8 hours. This will speed up recovery.

It is crucial that your rabbit continues to eat throughout and after treatment. Inspire oral fluid intake by providing fresh water, soaking leaves or flavoring drinks with vegetable juice and providing a huge variety of fresh, moistened and fresh greens like romaine, cilantro parsley, lettuce and the tops of carrots, dandelion greens such as collard greens, spinach and high-quality grass hay.

Feed timothy or grass hay instead of alfalfa hay but continue to give your rabbit the same diet of pellets, since the primary aim is to get your rabbit to eat, and maintain their weight as well as nutritional condition. If your rabbit does not like these food items, you’ll have to inject an gruel mix until it is able to eat independently. If your veterinarian has not specifically recommended it, don’t give your rabbit high-carbohydrate fat-rich nutritional supplements.

In certain instances the intestinal

tract could be affected too Surgery may be needed to remove the substances from the intestinal tract. Potential complications include kidney insufficiency, obstruction of the urinary tract or paralysis of digestion muscles (due to anesthesia during the procedure). Birds Of New York 

Once you’ve returned home, you should monitor your rabbit’s appetite and the production of feces. Report any changes to your veterinarian right away since death could occur because of sudden and serious complications. It is possible that the condition will recur, so it is essential to reduce the risk factors like obesity, sedentary living and an unhealthy diet. Combining a lower calcium intake, more activity, and an increase in intake of water for the rest of the rabbit’s lifespan is highly recommended to ensure the well-being of the rabbit.

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