Pregnant women today have more options than ever for prenatal testing. One of the newer and more popular tests is non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). This test can be used as early as ten weeks into a pregnancy to screen for chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome. But what is NIPT? Who needs it?
And how does it work? This blog will answer all questions about NIPT testing.
What is NIPT?
NIPT is a non-invasive prenatal test that can be used to screen for specific chromosomal abnormalities in a developing baby. The test is performed by taking a blood sample from the mother and analyzing the DNA of the fetus.
Here’s how the NIPT testing in Los Angeles works:
The test checks for small pieces of the baby’s DNA that have crossed into the mother’s bloodstream. It happens when a baby has specific chromosomal abnormalities, such as Down syndrome.
The test can also screen for other conditions, such as Edwards syndrome and Patau syndrome.
- a) Down’s Syndrome:
The common chromosomal abnormality is Down’s syndrome, which occurs when there are three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the usual two.
- b) Edwards’ Syndrome:
Edwards’ syndrome is caused by a presence of an extra copy of chromosome 18.
- c) Patau’s Syndrome:
Patau’s syndrome can show symptoms similar to Down’s syndrome but is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 13.
Who Needs NIPT?
NIPT is recommended for anyone considered high risk for having a baby with specific chromosomal abnormalities. It includes women who are:
-35 years of age or older
-Have had a previous child with a chromosomal abnormality
-Are pregnant with more than one baby
-Have had a miscarriage
-Have had abnormal results from another screening test
-Have a family history of specific chromosomal abnormalities
-Are exposed to certain chemicals that can cause congenital disabilities
Benefits of NIPT
Here are some of the advantages of taking the test at phlebotomy services near me.
1) It Can Be Performed As Early As Ten Weeks Into The Pregnancy
NIPT can be done on the tenth week of pregnancy. It is much earlier than most other tests, which can only be done after the 20th week. It is essential because it allows for the earlier detection of any potential problems. It also means that you can get treatment sooner if necessary.
2) Highly Accurate, Can Detect More Than 99 Percent Of Chromosomal Abnormalities
These tests are very accurate. They can detect more than 99 percent of chromosomal abnormalities. This accuracy is the same whether you have one fetus or multiple fetuses.
If the test shows a problem, you will need to confirm it with another test, such as chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis.
3) Safe And Simple To Administer
NIPT is a safe and straightforward test. There is no risk to the mother or her unborn child associated with the blood draw.
NIPT is a powerful tool to help you and your doctor understand your baby’s risk for certain genetic conditions. If you are currently pregnant or considering pregnancy, talk to the doctor about whether NIPT is suitable.